Cirrhosis is described as a chronic ailment of the liver which leads to scarring damage and decreased function or failure of the liver.
Cirrhosis Symptoms And Causes
Beginning symptoms are not always present but when they are they may include:
* Abdominal indigestion or pain and discomfort
* Enlarged liver which may be felt in the upper right side of the abdomen
* Nausea and vomiting
* Poor appetite
* Weight loss
If the condition goes undetected or untreated additional symptoms may occur including:
* Jaundice (yellowing of skin and eyes)
* Darker urine
* Visible blood vessels under the skin that resemble spiders (spider angiomas)
* Nose bleeding or bleeding gums
* Hair loss
* Swelling in lower limbs and stomach
* Stool that may contain blood, be loose or discolored (i.e. dark, pale or clay-colored)
* Elevated bleeding or bruising
* Impotence, reduction of interest in sex and breastsdevelopment in men (gynecomastia)
* Confusion or problem solvingissues
Cirrhosis is an inflammation of the liver which is typically induced by long-term misuse of alcohol or Hepatitis C infection.
Various other possible causes include auto-immune inflammation of the liver, issues involving the drainage system of the liver (the billiary system) like primary biliary cirrhosis and primary sclerosing cholangitis, Hepatitis B, medications, metabolic disorders of iron and copper (i.e. hemochromatosis and Wilson’s disease), non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) and non-alcoholic steatohepatitis (NASH), or exposure to chemicals.
Cirrhosis Diagnosis And Treatment
Diagnosis may be started by the observation of the aforementioned signs or symptoms by a particular person with the illness. If symptoms are noticed, a consultation with a health physician is essential. To form a proper diagnosis a physical examination will be performed, which may involve evaluation of blood for the existence of anemia, clotting troubles or low serum albumin.
Extra tests of the urine or imaging tests like x-rays, Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI), Computed Tomography (CT), or Ultrasound of the abdominal area may be performed. A biopsy of the liver can confirm the presence of cirrhosis.
Treatment includes making transformations to one’s lifestyle, which includes avoiding alcoholic beverages if it is a causative factor in the disease and eating a healthy diet regime which is low in salt. A medical provider may prescribe iron health supplements to circumvent the increase in bleeding, diuretics may be recommended to lessen swelling, and antibiotics may be utilized if an infection is present.
Damage already sustained by the liver can not be reversed but early discovery can stop the progression of the ailment. If the ailment is allowed to advance a procedure referred to as transjugular intrahepatic portosystemic shunt (TIPS) may be necessary to help blood flow more efficiently in your liver, abdomen, esophagus and intestines, and then back again to your heart. If cirrhosis progresses to end-stage liver disease, a liver organ transplant may be necessary
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