Australia has the unhappy privilege of leading the globe in ice addiction (followed closely by New Zealand) but most parents and community leaders don’t have a clue what they are dealing with.
Methamphetamine is an habit-forming substance that is very closely related to amphetamine, but has longer lasting and more poisonous effects on the central nervous system. It has a high likelihood for abuse and dependence. Methamphetamine use is on the rise around the country. It has reached epidemic proportions mainly because it is easy to make using common household ingredients.
Meth is frequently referred to as speed, chalk, ice, crystal, and glass. The drug causes wakefulness and physical activity and decreases desire for food. Chronic, long-term use can lead to psychotic behavior, hallucinations, and stroke. People who use meth habitually don’t sleep, often for days on end. They lose weight quickly because the drug lessens the hunger.
Meth users often loose some of their teeth, look scrawny, and will have sores on their body from nervous energy they are trying to get rid of. National health statistics in America report that over 12 million persons have at least tried methamphetamine, with many of them quickly becoming hooked to the drug.
Methamphetamine is taken orally, intra-nasally (snorting the powder), by needle injection, or by smoking. Abusers may become addicted rapidly, needing higher doses and more often.
Methamphetamine is a cause of the issue of very high levels of the natural brain chemical dopamine, which stimulates brain cells, escalating mood and body activity. Chronic methamphetamine abuse significantly changes how the brain works. Animal research going back more than 30 years proves that high doses of methamphetamine harm neuron cell endings.
Dopamine and serotonin-containing neurons do not die after methamphetamine use, but their nerve endings (“terminals”) are cut back, and re-development appears to be limited. Human cerebral imaging studies have shown alterations in the activity of the dopamine structure. These changes are pertaining to reduced motor speed and decreased verbal learning.
Recent research in persistent methamphetamine abusers has also shown severe structural and practical changes in sectors of the brain associated with emotion and recollection, which may account for many of the emotional and mental problems found in habitual methamphetamine users.
Taking even tiny quantities of methamphetamine can cause elevated respiration, fast cardiac rate, fluctuating heartbeat, increased hypertension, and hyperthermia. Other effects of methamphetamine misuse may include touchiness, fretfulness, wakefulness, confusion, tremors, fits, and heart collapse and death. As we’ve by now indicated, long-term effects may include suspicion, hostility, intense anorexia, memory loss, visual and auditory hallucinations, delusions, and severe dental problems. Also, communication of HIV and hepatitis B and C can be a consequence of methamphetamine abuse.
Among users who inject the drug, contagion with HIV and alternate infectious maladies is dispersed principally through the re-use of contaminated syringes, needles, and different injection equipment by more than one individual. The heady effects of methamphetamine, though, whether it is taken via hyperdermic needle or taken other ways, can modify good sense and inhibition and lead people to participate in unsafe deeds.
Methamphetamine abuse in fact may worsen the progression of HIV and its consequences; research with methamphetamine addicts who have HIV indicate that the HIV causes larger neuronal harm and mental impairment compared with HIV-positive people who do not use drugs.
Meth is a scary drug with appalling health implications. It is easy to manufacture, reasonably cheap to buy, and one of the most deadly types of unlawful drug ever to hit the streets.
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By: David B Smith..
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